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Passover, commemorating the liberation of the Jewish people

1 month and 21 days until Passover

Passover is one of the most famous Jewish holidays. It commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt, as recounted in the Hebrew Bible’s book of Exodus. Passover typically takes place in March or April depending on where it falls on the Hebrew calendar—in 2024, it runs from April 22 to April 30th. The celebration l... Show more

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Celebrating Passover with plenty of elegant assets

Symbols

Eating Matzah, Elijah’s cup, the Ten Plagues, and Moses: learning more about these Passover symbols

Passover Color Palette

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  • HEX rgb(44, 108, 115)
  • RGB rgb(44, 108, 115)
  • CMYK rgb(44, 108, 115)
  • HSL rgb(44, 108, 115)
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Caribbean current, the power of a bright turquoise

Caribbean Current is a bright turquoise shade that evokes the calming feeling of a tropical ocean. It also pairs well with earthy tones, such as sand and taupe, and complementary colors, such as shades of pink or yellow. Caribbean Current is a great way to add a touch of vibrancy and cheerfulness to any Passover event. The boldness of the color can be used to make decorations stand out or even to create a fun, eye-catching color scheme. In addition, this hue is perfect for adding a vibrant energy to any celebration, from Seder night to searching for hidden matzo. Caribbean Current is a great way to celebrate the spirit of Passover in style!

  • HEX rgb(121, 217, 217)
  • RGB rgb(121, 217, 217)
  • CMYK rgb(121, 217, 217)
  • HSL rgb(121, 217, 217)
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Tiffany blue, the sophistication of a unique shade of blue

Tiffany Blue is a very popular color choice for Passover. It is a unique shade of light blue that has become iconic due to its association with the renowned jewelry company, Tiffany & Co. It is a color that can bring a sense of style and class and it pairs pretty well with a variety of other colors, including antique white, silver, and even Caribbean current. Tiffany blue can be used to create a beautiful and modern color palette for a Passover celebration. Whether used as the main color, or as an accent to other combinations of hues, Tiffany blue can add a touch of elegance. When employed as an accent color, it is best to use a subtle shade of Tiffany blue and pair it with other whites or light shades of gray. This will create a clean and crisp look that is still festive and inviting.Lapis lazuli is also believed to have spiritual and healing properties, with many cultures associating the stone with wisdom, insight, and truth. It is believed to bring the wearer clarity and awareness of the divine, inspiring courage, creativity, and confidence. This Memorial Day, use lapis lazuli to honor those who have made the ultimate sacrifice and celebrate the power of courage and creativity.

  • HEX rgb(255, 242, 226)
  • RGB rgb(255, 242, 226)
  • CMYK rgb(255, 242, 226)
  • HSL rgb(255, 242, 226)
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Antique white, an elegant ivory hue for your Passover designs

The perfect hue for any Passover celebration is antique white. This light and airy color can be used for different things like decorations, designs, clothing, and many more. Its subtle ivory tone has a hint of warmth that brings a cozy feel to any of your creations. Whether you're going for a classic look or want to give your Passover celebration a modern twist, antique white is the ideal choice. With its luxurious look, it creates a subtly sophisticated atmosphere that is sure to please. Give your designs a timelessly elegant touch with antique white and make your Passover celebrations and Seder meals unforgettable.

  • HEX rgb(242, 155, 48)
  • RGB rgb(242, 155, 48)
  • CMYK rgb(242, 155, 48)
  • HSL rgb(242, 155, 48)
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Add a unique flair to your color palette with carrot orange

Passover is an important holiday in the Jewish calendar and is celebrated with special foods and customs. One of the traditional elements that adds to the spirit of the holiday is color. A vibrant orange, like carrot orange, is often used to represent the joy and renewal of Passover. This bold, eye-catching hue can be used in many creative ways to capture the festive flair of the holiday. When incorporating carrot orange into your decorations for Passover, be sure to pair it with other complementary colors such as yellow, Tiffany blue, or antique white. This will create a cheerful and uplifting atmosphere in which to commemorate the holiday.

  • HEX rgb(227, 49, 47)
  • RGB rgb(227, 49, 47)
  • CMYK rgb(227, 49, 47)
  • HSL rgb(227, 49, 47)
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Are you ready to feel the energy and passion of red

When it comes to Passover, red is the perfect color choice. This vibrant hue will help bring an energy and joy to the holiday that everyone can appreciate. Whether you are designing decorations for your home, coming up with a festive invitation, or creating an art project, this hue is sure to bring a festive mood to the occasion. Red can also be used to add an extra bit of warmth and comfort to any traditional Seder. Use this color to add a pop of brightness and bring some good cheer to the table. Additionally, red is sure to convey a sense of tradition, hope, and renewal to the Passover holiday

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The history of Passover or Pesach, a commemoration deeply rooted in Biblical events

Passover (Pesach in Hebrew) celebrates Jewish identity and freedom. The origin of Passover dates back to Biblical times: it commemorates the ordeal that Jewish community had to endure and their liberation from slavery in Egypt as told in the Book of Exodus, which marks the birth of Jewish nationhood. Each year, Jews celebrate Passover by gathering together with family and friends, partaking in traditional rituals, such as storytelling and eating special foods. Throughout history, the meaning of Passover has evolved over time while retaining its core significance: to remind Jewish people of their heritage and values. Today, Jewish people all over the world come together to observe this powerful holiday each springtime.

1446 BCE

The Biblical origins of Passover

The Plagues of Egypt

Passover is rooted in the story of the liberation of Israelite slaves in ancient Egypt, which took place around 1446 BCE. This event is recounted in the Book of Exodus as part of the Torah and is one of the most important elements of Jewish history. According to this account, the ancient Egyptians had enslaved the Israelites and subjected them to harsh labor. The story goes that Moses, sent by God, approached the pharaoh and demanded freedom for his people. After numerous failed attempts at negotiations with the monarch, God punished Egypt with ten plagues, culminating in the death of all firstborn males throughout the land. To protect their children from certain death, the Hebrews were instructed to mark their doors with lamb’s blood so that a "destroyer" could pass over their homes. This act is symbolic of how God passed over these homes, hence the name Passover. This event marked an important turning point in Jewish history, as it was seen as a sign from God that He was on their side in their struggle for freedom.

516 BCE

The Second Temple in Jerusalem

The Days of Unleavened Bread

After their liberation from enslavement in Egypt, Passover was celebrated at the Second Temple in Jerusalem, built between ca. 516 BCE and 70 CE. It was also known as Herod’s Temple and was the center of Jewish religious life. After its destruction by Roman forces in 70 CE, Jewish people found a way to continue celebrating Passover—not only within synagogues but also through domestic rituals. Passover was considered one of the major Jewish festivals, and the central observance in Jerusalem included the animal sacrifices prescribed in the book of Exodus. For those who could not attend Passover in Jerusalem, synagogues were opened throughout the country where Jews could observe the festival with prayers and rituals. During Passover, special portions of unleavened bread known as Matzah were eaten and, to commemorate their liberation from slavery, Jews also refrained from eating leavened bread during this time. This period came to be known as "the Days of Unleavened Bread’’.

1863 and 1948

Passover in the 19th and 20th centuries

Towards the independence of Israel

Passover has a special place in the hearts of many Jews around the world. The holiday commemorates the biblical story of Moses and his people, who were freed from slavery by God. In 1863 CE, President Abraham Lincoln declared Passover a national holiday, further cementing its importance among Jews living in the United States. 85 years later, in 1948, another major event took place and influenced the way Pesach was celebrated: Israel became an independent nation and provided a homeland for Jews to gather and celebrate their faith openly for the first time in centuries. For this reason, many consider the modern state of Israel to be closely linked with Passover as it symbolizes freedom and homecoming for Jewish people around the world.

Today

Celebrating Passover in the 21st century

One of the most widely-observed Jewish holidays

Today, Passover is a holiday of celebration, reflection and connection. Jews around the globe commemorate by coming together in unity with family and friends. It’s an opportunity to honor Jewish history, values and culture by paying homage to ancestors who faced great hardship yet still persevered for future generations. Passover is the most widely-observed Jewish holiday in the world, celebrated for eight days in traditional communities like the Orthodox and Conservative ones or seven days in the case of many Reform Jewish communities. The centerpiece of the celebration is a special dinner known as Seder, where the story of the Exodus from Egypt is retold and dietary restrictions are observed. Traditional Passover dishes consist of matzo or matzah, which is a flatbread made without leavening agents, and symbolic foods like charoset, a sweet nut-filled paste that symbolizes the mortar used by slaves to build the pharaoh’s pyramid. During Seder, families also recite prayers and sing special hymns. Passover is a time of renewal and hope that provides an opportunity to come together and celebrate the past, present, and future.

worldmap

Commemorating Passover or Pesach in different countries

Passover is a widely celebrated festival with many different traditions and customs throughout the world. Each culture celebrates this significant holiday differently but all share the same spirit of joyous celebration. In this section, we will explore the various ways Passover is celebrated in Israel, the United States, Morocco, India, and Argentina. We will look at how each nation approaches the Seder meal, what traditional food is served and other customs that make Passover a special holiday.

Israel

Passover in Israel: seven days of family gatherings, festivals, and food. Passover is an important holiday in Israel, and Israelis celebrate it for seven days with a variety of traditions. It’s a time for family gatherings, events, and even outdoors festivals that are celebrated with great pomp. Every year, before the start of Passover, many Israelis practice the ritual of cleaning their homes to remove all chametz (leavened foods) from their houses and discard them. There are three different ways of doing so: by means of a verbal declaration (called Bittul), searching and destroying chametz (Bedikah and Biyur), and selling it (Mechira). On the first night of Passover, Israelis gather together for a meal known as a Seder (in Diaspora communities, they have two Seder meals). It includes special foods, such as matzah and bitter herbs, kosher wine, or gefilte fish, and they sing unique songs. During the Seder, Jews read from the Haggadah, a book containing stories about Passover and its significance. During all seven days of Passover, Israelis abstain from eating chametz products as well as other food items which are not suitable for Passover. Many restaurants in Israel close during this period or offer only special Kosher-for-Passover meals. Of course, public institutions, schools, businesses, and shops are closed too. On the seventh and final day of Passover, many Israelis celebrate with a special meal known as the Seudat Moshiach, or meal of redemption. At this time, it is traditional to share stories about freedom and redemption to remind us of the significance of Pesach. Passover is an important holiday in Israel that brings people together for traditions that have been passed down through generations. It serves as a reminder of our struggle for freedom and must be celebrated with respect, joy, and peace.

USA

Passover in the United States: family games, food, and traditions. In the United States, Jewish families and communities celebrate Passover with a traditional Seder meal. This meal is usually held in the evening on the first and second nights of Passover and consists of a number of symbolic dishes such as matzo, bitter herbs, charoset (a paste made from apples, nuts, cinnamon, and wine), and a roasted shank bone or zeroah. The food served during the Seder is further augmented to include gefilte fish, brisket, or roast chicken, red beets, or borscht soup, chopped liver pate, kugel (noodle pudding), tzimmes (sweet stewed carrots), and various desserts. As part of the Seder ritual, four cups of wine are consumed, and readings from the Haggadah (a book of prayers and rituals) are performed, and it ends with singing traditional holiday songs. In addition to the Seder meal, Jewish families in the United States often hold Passover-themed activities such as searching for hidden matzo (afikomen), playing family games, and exchanging gifts. Hosts typically decorate their homes for this special occasion with Passover decorations including handcrafted items made from paper or fabric. In addition, there are events outside, like lectures and Passover-themed concerts.

Morocco

Passover in Morocco: eating seffa and singing traditional songs. In Morocco, passover is an important tradition too, although there are a few differences when compared to other countries. On Passover, Moroccans eat a special dish called seffa that consists of vermicelli noodles or couscous served with fried almonds, meat, raisins, cinnamon, and powdered sugar. After dinner, family members will sing traditional songs, such as "Bivhilu Yatzanu MiMitzrayim" and recite prayers that are unique to Moroccan Jewish culture. Passover in Morocco also involves decorating homes with symbolic objects that remind people of their freedom from slavery in Egypt, like paintings depicting Moses and other figures from the Bible. As part of the Passover ritual, families may also light candles and hold special ceremonies in their homes.

India

Passover in India and the Bene Israel community. In India, although the vast majority of the population adheres to Hinduism, Judaism is practiced too by some minorities known as the Bene Israel community from Mumbai, bene Ephraim, cochin Jews, or the Baghdadi Jews. One of the main interesting traditions observed in India during the holiday is a special prayer service called Malida (also known as Seder Eliyahu Hanavi), something traditional for the Bene Israel community. It’s not only performed during Passover, but also in weddings, birthdays, or bar-mitzvahs, which includes reciting psalms, lighting candles, and eating a sweet mixture made from rice, dry fruits, and coconut, also named Malida, which is offered before ceremonies and rituals. It’s a symbol that celebrates and thanks Prophet Eliyahu. To prepare for Passover, families often clean their homes and perform other traditional rituals. This may include singing songs or exchanging gifts with each other as a sign of joy and gratitude for the holiday season. These activities help to create a sense of unity among family members and serve to commemorate the liberation of Jews from slavery.

Argentina

Passover in Argentina: a Latin touch for an ancient tradition. Argentina has the largest Jewish population in Latin America, so Passover is an important event in the country. For them, food is one of the most important parts of the holiday. During Pesach, they eat special dishes like traditional empanadas filled with hard-boiled eggs, spinach, and mashed potatoes. They also have brisket (a cut of meat from the lower chest of veal or beef) and a soup of chicken and gefilte fish with matzo balls. While celebrating Passover, families often gather together, commemorating with joyous music and prayers. Community events are also held to celebrate the holiday, like special services led by local Rabbis. In addition, many families also take this opportunity to decorate their homes with items related to the festival such as images of the Plagues of Egypt.